Waste-derived fuel as a supplementary energy source at the Woodstock Cement Plant

by Robert W. Suderman

Publisher: Environment Canada in Ottawa, Ont., Canada

Written in English
Published: Pages: 61 Downloads: 577
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Edition Notes


Statementby Robert W. Suderman and Michael A. Nisbet and Jane J. Hainsworth.
SeriesEnvironmental protection series reports
LC ClassificationsIN PROCESS
The Physical Object
Pagination61 p. ;
Number of Pages61
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1332525M
ISBN 100662193865
LC Control Number92214174

panies, an alternative cement product has to be able to gen-erate at least the same economic value as that from an OPC production plant. At % of world cement production, the cement industry in Europe represents aro direct jobs. The average cement plant will produce around 1 mil-lion tonnes of cement per annum and cost around € Far better than expending energy to explore, recover, process and transport the fuel from some distant source, waste-to-energy plants find value in what others consider garbage. Waste-to-energy plants recover the thermal energy contained in the trash in highly efficient boilers that generate steam that can then be sold directly to industrial. ). Waste in landfills has the potential to be utilized as a source of energy, converting a negatively valued product into a resource. Because municipal solid waste is extremely heterogenous, identifying potential sources of energy through analysis of its components is necessary to develop efficient waste to energy infrastructure. Gasification can be applied to a variety of waste streams, of which municipal solid waste (MSW) and industrial wastes are important examples. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) MSW is a readily available, low cost fuel, with a high organic content when processed to suit the particular gasification process being used. Several plants in Japan and Europe already employ gasification technology for.

  The company has been established specifically to develop the Clay Cross Energy Recovery Facility, which will produce heat and electrical power by gasification of waste wood from construction and demolition, commercial and industrial sources. When running at full capacity the plant will be able to generate around 12MW of electrical power. Waste-derived fuels with high heating values represent an economical source of energy for the cement industry and its consumption has been increasing during the past decade.6 Secondary firing may reduce NOX by two mechanisms, (1) burning part of fuel at a lower temperature reduces thermal NOX formation, and (2) reducing conditions at the solid.   Waste-to-Energy (WTE) or energy-from-waste is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the incineration of waste. In the U.S., some cities primarily in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic, burn part of their municipal solid wastes. Hemmed in by major population centers, landfill space in these areas is at a premium, so burning wastes to reduce their volume and. Energy Generated from a Ton of Trash. A typical WTE plant generates about kilowatt hours (kWh) per ton of waste. At an average price of four cents per kWh, revenues per ton of solid waste would be $20 to $ Source – Is It Better to Burn or Bury Waste for Clean Energy Generation? (PDF) (7 .

Supplementary cement materials are sometimes added to Portland cement for either cost or availability reasons. These additions may significantly affect the properties of the resulting composite. Typically, cement in nuclear waste forms comprises much less than 50 percent of the total cementitious matrix with other materials, for example fly ash. In , our Suburban Landfill opened an energy plant that has since been producing enough elec-tricity to power 3, homes in and around Savannah. Through this plant alone, we are creating the energy equivalent of roug tons of coal. Numbers say a lot, but what’s most important to.   We expect a draft permit in mid for review and comment. On Octo , we announced that the Alpena plant will cease using fuel-quality wastes no later than June 1, During the interim, the plant will continue to use waste-derived fuels and comply with the applicable RCRA and BIF requirements.   In summary, at Decem , all of our cement manufacturing plants in the U.S. and Canada, except our Exshaw, Alberta plant (as explained above), have fuel flexibility between at least three of the following four base sources: coal, coke, natural gas and oil.

Waste-derived fuel as a supplementary energy source at the Woodstock Cement Plant by Robert W. Suderman Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Waste-derived fuel as a supplementary energy source at the Woodstock cement plant. [Robert W Suderman; Jane J Hainsworth; Michael A Nisbet; Canada.

Environment Canada.; Canada. Technology Development Branch.]. Generating power with waste wood. By Richard S. Atkins, Ph.D., P.E., Environmental Risk Ltd. Among the biomass renewables, waste wood has.

Waste-to-Energy: a Temptation for Municipalities 12 Waste-to-Energy and the Circular Economy 13 Myths around Waste-to-Energy 15 2 Pre-conditions for Waste-to-Energy 16 Characteristics of Municipal Waste 16 Legal Framework and Environmental Impacts 17 Financial and Institutional Aspects of WtE Plants 18File Size: 1MB.

Robert W. Suderman has written: 'Waste-derived fuel as a supplementary energy source at the Woodstock Cement Plant' What has the author Robert A Colonna written. Since s, associations and companies have been pursuing the program of developing refuse derived fuel (RDF) as a supplemental energy source for.

A wide range of other fuels such as gas, oil, liquid waste materials, solid waste materials and petroleum coke have all been successfully used as sources of energy for firing cement-making kilns, either on their own or in various combinations.

The cement manufacturing industry is also under increasing pressure to reduce emissions. Robert W. Suderman has written: 'Waste-derived fuel as a supplementary energy source at the Woodstock Cement Plant' What is the term for a fuel that is created from the conversion of plants or.

Cement plants can use MSW for energy recovery and material recycling, and it can also be used to generate refuse-derived fuel (RDF). The name “RDF” is mainly applied when enhancing resource recovery from MSW.

___ is the most rapidly growing energy source: Definition. natural gas: Term. the fuel used in a conventional PWR or BWR nuclear power plant is: Definition. Uranium: Term. Nuclear fission occurs when a high energy subatomic particle, a neutron, strikes a uranium atom, releases energy and: -a fuel cell stack providing all of the electricity.

Energy sources (fossil fuels, water, etc.) are harvested 2. These sources are then heated/burned and steam comes out or they move through a turbine. Knowledge of potential changes in cement kiln parameters with a change in the composition of operating fuel prior to full-scale application is necessary for obtaining permits and for plant.

Burning solid and hazardous waste as supplementary fuel allows for the recovery of significant amounts of energy from these waste materials. This source of energy is one of the primary reasons for the cement industry’s interest in burning solid and hazardous waste as fuels. Conservation of Non Renewable Resources.

Key issues of cement plant operation are identified and quantitatively assessed via simulation in an actual dry-process plant, when FRBs substitute 20% of thermal energy (provided by petcoke).

The facility utilizes × 10 5 tpa of fossil fuels to produce × 10 6 tpa clinker. The shared aim of novel cement developers is cement that emits less CO 2 and requires less energy to produce than CEM1, without reducing or compromising the efficiency of the cement.

Novel cements would ideally use waste derived fuels and raw materials. A conventional coal plant and a gas-fuelled combined cycle plant are likely to he the major sources of new fossil-fuelled electricity genera-tion. They represent both ends of the spectrum of challenges associated with waste management from fossil fuels.

(Sec diagram, pave ) Nuclear fuel cycles. Nuclear power plants. Of course the economics of wood waste energy generation becomes more attractive as traditional fuel prices increase, though the real value of the wood waste as a fuel source must take into account its available heat content, the investment and operating costs of the plant needed to handle and convert it to useable energy, before any worthwhile.

Pet coke is produced by petroleum refineries as a waste product and sold to cement plants and paper mills to be used as a fuel and to aluminum smelting plants to be used for anodes, which are consumed in the electricity-intensive smelting process. The petroleum and coal products industry uses waste fuels for most of its fuel consumption.

presents energy consumption from biomass sources, based on EIA information. The waste energy consumption category includes MSW from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, and other biomass. EIA considers MSW consumption at combustion plants as renewable “waste energy.” As shown in the figure.

Use of high calorific value wastes as fuel in cement kiln. CPCB, on the basis of field trials, have recommended use of hazardous wastes like ETP sludge from dyes and dye intermediates, tyre chips, paint sludge, Toulene-Die-Isocynate tar residue and refinery sludge as supplementary fuels in cement.

cogeneration plant that powers a Maryland correctional facility. The plant provides security from power interruptions and cuts fuel cost by 63 percent. The nation’s leading source of renewable energy is now biomass—predominantly wood waste, such as the wood-chip fuel being unloaded in the photo above.

In July ofthe Environmental Equipment Corporation, in association with the Portland Cement Association and the Gulf Coast Portland Cement Company, initiated a program to develop and test refuse-derived fuel (RDF) on a commercial scale as a supplemental energy source for the portland cement industry.

The second, a “high-carbon biochar.” In a downdraft gasification process like the one we’ve developed at Aries Clean Energy, 85% of the input waste is converted into syngas. 15% becomes biochar, which can be used again. Here are some example applications: Fuel for cement kilns, offsetting other raw materials.

About GEO. GEO is a set of free interactive databases and tools built collaboratively by people like you. GOAL: to promote an understanding, on a global scale, of the dynamics of change in energy systems, quantify emissions and their impacts, and accelerate the transition to carbon-neutral, environmentally benign energy systems while providing affordable energy to all.

The production of cement clinker in a cement kiln is an energy intensive operation. The use of combustible waste-derived fuel in a cement kiln provides inexpensive energy values for the cement making process with concomitant saving of non-renewable fuel sources.

The original source of energy in wind and flowing water. Burns cleanly, easily transported, abundant. plant parts, manure, and food wastes that can be used as fuels. solar energy. liquid fossil fuel. refinery. A factory where crude oil is seperated into fuels and other products by heating.

petrochemicals. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Power Plant Operations Report Note: Other biomass includes other biomass gas, tire-derived fuels, agricultural by-products, other biomass solids, other waste, wood waste liquids, sludge waste, and other biomass liquids.

With some 70 percent of food waste around the world still going into landfills, there is a lot of potential feedstock to keep this environmentally friendly carbon neutral fuel source coming. Cement Sector Trends in Beneficial Use of Alternative Fuels and Raw Materials 5 List of Tables Table 1: Share of AFR in Total Fuel Demand in the Cement Industry of Selected Countries Table 2: Wet and Dry Kilns in the U.S.

Table 3: U.S. Cement Clinker Production Table 4: Energy Derived from Fuels Used in Cement Production. Source energy is the amount of raw fuel required to operate your property. In addition to what you use on site, source energy includes losses from generation, transmission, and distribution of energy.

based on ENERGY STAR scoring models. Since Plant B is. expected. to use more energy, but. actually. uses the same energy, it earns a higher. Number of sources Table 3.

CSA Specification for Fly Ash Type F 20% CaO are burned in different generating stations in North America, the properties of the fly ash can be very different between sources and collection burning conditions within a power plant can also affect the properties of the.

Lakeland Electric in Florida is an example of an operation that continues to make use of MSW as a co-fuel in a coal-fired power plant. The McIntosh Power Plant has been burning co-fuel sinceand uses 10% RDF to 90% coal. It was designed to use up to tons per day of RDF (Clarke, et.

al., ).Waste-derived fuels may replace the use of commercial fuels, and may result in net energy savings and reduced CO2 emissions, depending on the alternative use of the wastes (e.g. incineration with or without energy recovery). A cement kiln is an efficient way to recover energy from waste.

The carbon dioxide emission reduction depends on the.A waste-to-energy plant is a waste management facility that combusts wastes to produce type of power plant is sometimes called a trash-to-energy, municipal waste incineration, energy recovery, or resource recovery plant.

Modern waste-to-energy plants are very different from the trash incinerators that were commonly used until a few decades ago.